An Intelligent Vehicle Highway Information Management System

Shekhar, S., Yang, T.A., & Hancock, P.A. (1994). An intelligent vehicle highway information management system. Microcomputers in Civil Engineering, 8, 175-198.

An IVHS (Intelligent Vehicle Highway System) information management system obtains information from road sensors, city maps and event schedules, and generates information to drivers, traffic controllers and researchers. We extend the relational database to model traffic information in a relational database by abstract data types and triggers. Abstract data types are needed for efficient modeling of spatial and temporal information, which create inefficiencies in traditional databases. We use monotonic continuous functions to map the object locations to disk addresses to save disk space and computation time. Model of spatial data is created to efficiently process moving objects. We provide schema for IVHS databases with the relevant abstract data types. We also have a large sample of the relations needed to model IVHS data. Several interesting queries are presented to show the power of the model. Triggers are defined, using rule-definition mechanisms to represent incident detection and warning system. An efficient phytsical model with MoBiLe access method is provided.

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