What Future for Human-Machine Symbiosis?


Hancock, P.A. (2007). What future for human-machine symbiosis? Ergonomia, 29(1), 17-18.

Humans are species like no other. They are self-symbiotic. By this I mean that primary control upon their own evolution is the technology that humans use to create the environments which they inhabit. For the majority of human existence, these effects have been distal and indirect since they have been expressed almost exclusively as manipulations to the external world. Technology has been expressed primarily in material form, although properties such as knowledge and accumulated information have become as more emergent, relational phenomena. Slowly at first, but more quickly now, the physical differentiation between user and machine has begun to dissipate (Licklider 1960).

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