Hancock, G.M. & Hancock, P.A. (2014). Stress reactivity. In: R. C. Eklund & G. Tenenbaum (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Sport and Exercise Psychology. (pp. 722-724), Sage Publishing, Thousand Oaks, CA.
Although ubiquitous in life, stress is rather difficult to define. Stress reactivity is a dynamic process involving context-dependent, interactive factors subject to personal interpretation that dictate subsequent individual response patterns. Stress is an extremely influential element of any engagement in sport or exercise participation. The present entry provides an overview of stress. It discusses each individual stage of the stress process (while giving particular emphasis to the critical role of cognition and appraisal) and explores the evolution of key theories addressing the effects of stress on all performances with an especial eye to sporting pursuits.
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