Hamilton, J.E., & Hancock, P.A. (1986). Robotics safety: Exclusion guarding for industrial operations. Journal of Occupational Accidents, 8, 69-78.
From early concept to present reality, this paper catalogs the development of reprogrammable, multifunctional, industrial manipulators: Robots. A summary of published studies concerning the safety aspects of the large scale application of robots by industry outside the United States is presented.