Parasuraman, R., & Hancock, P.A. (2004). Neuroergonomics: Harnessing the power of brain science for human factors and ergonomics. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Bulletin, 47(12), 1.
During its relatively short history, human factors and ergonomics (HF/E) has been associated with shifting approaches to its basic science and practice. HF/E began as in extension to the time-and-motion methods introduced by Frederick Taylor’s “scientific management.” In the World War II era, HF/E was strongly influenced by the behaviorist approach to psychology. The so-called cognitive revolution in the 1960s displaced behaviorism and established the ascendancy of the human information-processing approach in HF/E, a tradition that remains strong today.
Most recently, many HF/E researchers have turned to ecology and anthropology to observe “cognition in the wild” – that is, in its natural context at work rather than in laboratory settings. Although non of these paradigms has a dominant position in current HF/E, most would agree that understanding human cognition and action in relation to the us of technology lies at the core of the discipline.
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