Block, R.A., Zakay, D., & Hancock, P.A. (1998). Human aging and duration judgments: A meta-analytic review. Psychology and Aging, 13(4), 584-596.
Differences in duration judgements made by younger and older adults were reviewed. Previous research is unclear about whether such differences exist and, if so, how they may be explained. The meta-analyses revealed substantial age-related differences. Older adults gave larger verbal estimates and made shorter productions of duration that did younger adults. There were no age-related difference in reproduction of duration or in psychophysical slope relating judged and target duration. Older adults’ duration estimates were more variable than were those of younger ones. Findings are discussed in terms of peacemaker rate and attentional resources. An explanation regarding divided attention between nontemporal and temporal information processing best explains the findings.
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